Kurdish Studies

ISSN: 2051-4883 | e-ISSN: 2051-4891
Email: editor@kurdishstudies.net

The Role of Geographical Conditions and International Relations on the Political Stability in Kurdish Region: The Moderating Role of Economic Stability

Darmansjah Djumala
Department of International Relations, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Arry Bainus
Department of International Relations, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
R. Widya Setiabudi Sumadinata
Department of International Relations, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.
Yusa Djuyandi
Department of Political Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Keywords: Geographical conditions, international relations, economic stability, political stability, Kurdish region.


Political stability is the most important aspect for a country's development, and this can be attained through stronger economic conditions and improved connections with other nations. This aspect requires the focus of new research. Consequently, this study explores the connections between Kurdish geographical conditions, foreign interactions, and political stability. The study investigates the moderating effect of economic stability on Kurdish geographical conditions, foreign relations, and political stability. Using questionnaires, the research collected information from the Kurdish department of international relations. The relationship between the constructs is also examined using smart-PLS. The results revealed a beneficial relationship between Kurdish geographical conditions and foreign relations and its economic and political stability. The results also revealed that Kurdish economic stability is moderated greatly by geographical factors, foreign ties, and political stability. The research aids regulators in the development of rules pertaining to political stability, which would be attained through optimal geographical conditions and robust international ties.

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