Kurdish Studies

ISSN: 2051-4883 | e-ISSN: 2051-4891
Email: editor@kurdishstudies.net

The Reform, Judicial, and Political Influence of the Religious Scientist Muhammad Mustafa Al-Maraghi in Sudan for a Period (1908-1919)

Zainab Hassan Hammoud
Mustansiriya University / Faculty of Arts / Department of History/ Baghdad/10052 /Iraq,
Proof. Dr. Bushra Nasser Hashim Al Saadi
Keywords: Al-Maraghi, Al-Azhar, tourist, Sudan, Reform, Judiciary..


The study concluded that Sheikh Al-Maraghi was a man of many talents, a judge, jurist, jurist, politician, and cleric. He was cultured, with an enlightened spirit, proud of himself, respected by others, and able, if he saw it necessary, to express his dissatisfaction to his interlocutor, whether that person was the king himself, a person of high standing, or a senior employee of the British government. He focused on modern sciences and preparing judges in Sudan who are familiar with the problems of their society. The study allowed us to learn about the religious, judicial and political role played by Sheikh Al-Maraghi on the reality of social life in Sudan, his vision for social reform, his position on women’s issues, his great efforts in the field of family rights and reform of the personal status law, the features of his renewal in the field of the judiciary, and the impact of these reforms that he made on Developing the judicial institution in Sudan through the laws, regulations and legal bulletins he issued in his capacity as Chief Justice of Sudan. The research also addressed Sheikh Al-Maraghi’s positions on British interference in the affairs of the judiciary and endowments, his position on World War I and on the call for an Islamic caliphate, and finally his position on the 1919 revolution in Egypt.

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