Kurdish Studies

ISSN: 2051-4883 | e-ISSN: 2051-4891
Email: editor@kurdishstudies.net

Attaining a Substantial Dose Gradient in a Three-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy (3d-crt) Plan for a Prostate Cancerous Tumour

Zainab Raad Salman
Physics Department, College of Science for Women, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq
Muntather Habeeb Albosaabar
Programme of Diagnostic Imaging and Radiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Vyan Hussein Abdulhakeem
Oncology and Nuclear Medicine Specialized Hospital, Ninava Directorate Health, Mosul, Iraq
Rozilawati Binti Ahmad
Programme of Diagnostic Imaging and Radiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Fatima Jassim Mohammed
Baghdad Center for radiation therapy and nuclear medicine, Baghdad Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq.
Nabaa M. Alazawy
Programme of Diagnostic Imaging and Radiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Mustafa I. Ahmed Aldulaimy
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
Hiyam A. Altaii
Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
Tamara Muayad Abdullah
Radiology techniques department/AL-Noor university college.
Keywords: Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy treatment (3D-CRT), collimator angle, gradient index (GI), Three phases, prostate cancer..


Background: Clinically, better radiotherapy could be achieved by assigning a prescription dose to the tumour volume and a set of dose constraints on critical structures. Once an optimal treatment plan has been achieved, dosimetry is assessed using the physical dose and volume parameters. Aim of the study: The study's goal was to find better ways to treat prostate cancer patients using three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy treatment (3D-CRT) planning systems. These systems were used during the three stages of radiotherapy treatment fractions 0 degrees and 90 degrees of collimator angle. Materials and Methods: 155 patients with prostate cancer were treated with energy (6 MV or 10 MV) They were treated using the 3DCRT technique by the Monaco 5.11 treatment planning system and irradiated using a Synergy linear accelerator manufactured by Elekta. The plan was repeated 12 times with different numbers of beams used: 5, 7, and 9. They were irradiated with two collimator angles of 0 and 90 degrees. The planning target volumes were measured at the original volume of the tumour and at distances of 1 mm, 2 mm, and 3 mm to obtain the gradient index values. Results: The 10 MV energy is higher than the 6 MV plan for target coverage and has a lower dose to the organs at risk. Furthermore, when the number of beams increased to 9, this gave better dose distribution. High doses share better gradient index values to lower the dose to the surrounding healthy tissue. Conclusion: The study shows that the mean dose values for prostate cancer radiotherapy using 6 MV and 10 MV energies are very different depending on the beam configuration and collimator angle. The analysis emphasizes the importance of considering treatment parameters when planning radiation, as they influence dose distribution. The study also highlights variations in the gradient index among different beam configurations and collimator angles.

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