Kurdish Studies

ISSN: 2051-4883 | e-ISSN: 2051-4891
Email: editor@kurdishstudies.net

Higher Education in Byzantium between Weaknesses and Strengths (University of Constantinople as a Model) (330-1180 AD)

Fadila Hassan Kalaf
College of Education for Human Sciences / Department of History
Keywords: University. Constantinople. Empire. Byzantium. Church. Education.


As one of the societies that reveres education and views it as something sublime, the Byzantine Empire has benefitted from the most significant aspect of civilization, development, and culture since its inception. Academic higher education forms the basis of Byzantine culture, even though the science taught at the universities in Athens, Alexandria, and Beirut did not conflict with the rise of Christianity. As a result, higher education became more prevalent after the University of Constantinople was established. The university produced a large number of philosophers, writers, doctors, law professors, writers, and historians, and the academic work alternates between stopping and continuing at other times. However, the University of Constantinople proved its existence despite all the circumstances and continued to operate until late times. The university followed the direction set by the Christian state and according to its theory while preserving the classical heritage, and the emperors of Byzantium had a major role in the revival of the university through their material and moral support for scientists from its professors and accepting students from outside of Constantinople.

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