The shaky foundations of the 1926 annexation of Southern Kurdistan to Iraq
Between 1921 and 1925, the Kurds of Southern Kurdistan participated in three main political processes in Iraq. These processes were the election of Faisal Ibn Hussein as the King of Iraq in 1921, the election of the Iraqi Constituent Assembly in 1924, and the Mosul Province referendum organised by the League of Nations in 1925. The British used the Kurds’ participation as a foundation for the annexation of Southern Kurdistan to Iraq. However, this article argues that these three processes cannot be considered as legitimate foundations as the majority of Kurds voted against these processes or were excluded from participation.