Secular Culture Of Sufi Shrines In Punjab: The Case Study Of Sain Muhammad Bakhsh (Baba Lasoori Shah) Shrine In Faisalabad, Pakistan


  • Tanzeela Arshaad
  • Dr. Abdul Qadir Mushtaq
  • Prof, Dr. Mujahida Butt
  • Dr. Hina Khan
  • Amna Azhar
  • Naila Siddique
  • Muhammad Asim Khan



Baba Lasoori Shah shrine, Faisalabad, Pakistan, social life, cultural practices, religious tolerance, women, Urs celebrations


The purpose of this anthropological research was to examine the secular culture of Baba Lasoori Shah Shrine in Faisalabad, Pakistan, and the ways in which it has impacted local culture, social life, and the lives of worshippers. The study used a qualitative research approach. Utilized Turner's (1969) Ritual Theory and Coleman's (1988) Social and Cohesion Theory to study the secular culture of the Baba Lasoori Shah shrine. Data gathered through interviews, field notes, and meticulous observation of shrine activities, ceremonies, and visitor interactions. The data mostly came from observational data gathered during the Urs festivities and visits to the shrine. The research makes indirect use of ideas about communal cohesiveness, religious tolerance, and the function of shrines. In order to extract meaningful patterns and themes from the collected observational data, the researchers used thematic analysis. The study found that the shrine helps people feel more connected to one another through activities like festivals and langar (communal meals). It emphasizes the adaptability and acceptance of different religious traditions. The study also delves into the economics of both official contributions and informal charitable methods, as well as the shrine's importance for women. At religious and secular gatherings, the Baba Lasoori Shah shrine tends to build togetherness and transcend socioeconomic divides. People of various backgrounds are welcome during Qawwali and Urs celebrations. Sharing a meal with diverse people promotes trust and understanding. Worshipping the saint may unite people from diverse backgrounds. Baba Lashoori Shrine culture was open and accepting of all people, regardless of their religion, race, gender, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic level; its members lived in peace and harmony with one another. Findings showed that Baba Lasoori Shah Shrine is a secular place. This research sheds light on the Baba Lasoori Shah shrine's significance in Faisalabad's social life, religious activities, and its function in fostering unity among the city's residents.

Author Biographies

Tanzeela Arshaad

M.Phil Scholar, Department of Pakistan studies, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan

Dr. Abdul Qadir Mushtaq

Professor, Chairperson Department of Pakistan studies, GC University Faisalabad

Prof, Dr. Mujahida Butt

Chairperson department of Punjabi, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Dr. Hina Khan

Assistant Professor, Department of Punjabi, Lahore College for Women University Lahore, Pakistan.

Amna Azhar

Ph.D Scholar, Department of Punjabi, Lahore College for Women University Lahore. Pakistan

Naila Siddique

Assistant Professor, Department of Punjabi, Government Postgraduate College for Women Shadbagh Lahore, Pakistan

Muhammad Asim Khan

M.Phil Scholar, Department of Applied Linguistics, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan.




How to Cite

Tanzeela Arshaad, Dr. Abdul Qadir Mushtaq, Prof, Dr. Mujahida Butt, Dr. Hina Khan, Amna Azhar, Naila Siddique, & Muhammad Asim Khan. (2024). Secular Culture Of Sufi Shrines In Punjab: The Case Study Of Sain Muhammad Bakhsh (Baba Lasoori Shah) Shrine In Faisalabad, Pakistan. Kurdish Studies, 12(1), 5019–5032.

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