University Rankings: A Tool for Enhancing the Quality of Higher Education Institutions


  • Alina Zhumagulova PhD in Law, Director General, Independent Agency for Accreditation and Rating, 010010, 2 B. Momyshuly Ave., Astana, the Republic of the Kazakhstan,
  • Bekbosun Borubashov Doctor of Law, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of, International and Constitutional Law of the Law Faculty, Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, 720000, 42 Chui Ave., Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic,


University rankings, accreditation, academic rankings, quality mechanisms, higher education quality, educational evaluation, quality management standards, stakeholders, competencies.


This article explores the role of university rankings in enhancing the quality of higher education, with a focus on aligning it with the needs of learners, employers, and other stakeholders. The study investigates the relationship between rankings and the diversity of stakeholders interested in higher education quality. Rankings are viewed as an institutional mechanism for upgrading higher education quality while satisfying the interests of stakeholders. The study identifies two important methodological approaches to improve rankings within the research objectives. Firstly, it suggests using the legal framework and the customer-focused approach of the ISO 9000 standards system to determine higher education quality. Secondly, a detailed analysis of stakeholders and their interests is proposed as a basis for enhancing education quality. It is recommended to strengthen the interaction of rankings with different stakeholder groups while maintaining the objectivity of the ranking. In summary, the proposed approaches provide a more sophisticated theoretical and legal framework that allows for the organic integration of education quality into global frameworks for assessing the quality of all goods and services. The results obtained have practical significance, as they can facilitate the effectiveness of university rankings in improving higher education quality.




How to Cite

Alina Zhumagulova, & Bekbosun Borubashov. (2024). University Rankings: A Tool for Enhancing the Quality of Higher Education Institutions. Kurdish Studies, 12(2), 2676–2685. Retrieved from