Building Self-Compassion Among Students Victimized by Bullying


  • Yantri Maputra Ph.D. in Educational Psychology, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia.
  • Meria Susanti Magister Psikologi Profesi in Educational Psychology, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
  • Nila Anggreiny Magister Psikologi Profesi in Child Psychology, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia,
  • Alifia Putri Chairunnisa Bachelor’s degree in psychology, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
  • Ifdil Ph.D. in Guidance and Counseling, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia.
  • Khairul Barriyah Doctor of Guidance and Counseling, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia.


Self-Compassion, Bullying, Student.


Objective: The primary objective of this research is to investigate the portrayal of self-compassion among students who have experienced bullying and to explore the methods employed to cultivate self-compassion in this context. Theoretical Framework: The study is grounded in a qualitative phenomenological approach, aiming to provide an in-depth understanding of the lived experiences of bullying victims and their journey towards developing self-compassion. Method: The research employs qualitative methods, including observation, interviews, and documentation. Seven respondents, comprising both primary and secondary data sources, were purposively selected based on specific criteria such as being victims of bullying, enrolled in junior high school/high school in West Sumatra Province. Supplementary informants included teachers and one friend for each respondent. Phenomenological data analysis stages involved data organization, coding and analysis, hypothesis testing, and identifying important aspects as analytical strategies. Results and Conclusion: The research findings reveal several key aspects: 1) Subjects experienced various types of bullying, encompassing physical, verbal, and psychological forms; 2) Factors contributing to bullying experiences include perceived physical appearance, low adaptability, and societal standards of attractiveness; 3) The impact of bullying inhibits students' development, resulting in fear, low self-confidence, withdrawal from peers, passivity, and decreased focus during classroom activities. The study concludes that bullying has detrimental effects on students, hindering their personal and academic development. Understanding the types and contributing factors of bullying is crucial for developing interventions that promote self-compassion and mitigate the adverse effects of bullying. Originality/Value: This research contributes to the literature by providing insights into the experiences of bullying victims, shedding light on the various forms of bullying and their impact on students' well-being. The study also explores the strategies used by students to cultivate self-compassion, offering valuable information for educators, counselors, and policymakers to develop effective interventions in bullying prevention and support for victims.




How to Cite

Yantri Maputra, Meria Susanti, Nila Anggreiny, Alifia Putri Chairunnisa, Ifdil, & Khairul Barriyah. (2024). Building Self-Compassion Among Students Victimized by Bullying. Kurdish Studies, 12(1), 4091–4101. Retrieved from