Diasporic Homeland, Rise of Identity and New Traditionalism: The Case of the British Alevi Festival

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33182/ks.v8i1.547

Keywords:

diasporic identity, homeland, (invented) tradition, Alevism, festival

Abstract

While collective memory is based on rituals that built upon mourning and commemoration in Anatolian Alevism, the common culture of “festivity” is not widespread and deep-rooted. Public events of Alevis, mostly called as “Traditional Festival”, are mainly a recent phenomenon as a product of urbanization process. This study addresses the building and functioning of Alevi identity in diaspora over 9th Britain Alevi Festival that is one of these events. The Festival enables to make observations and analyses on certain subjects such as local network, political baggage, identity and sense of belonging issues, and finally homeland projection of British Alevi society via its organization process, backer-ups, spatial aspect, discourse and content. Besides general observations and data that I obtained during my post-doctoral research project that I conducted between August 2018-2019 on Alevi community settled in London, the main data for this study come from participant observation, interviews and field notes that I compiled on the Festival grounds between May 25 and June 2, 2019. 

Abstract in Kurmanji

Welatê ji diasporayê, peydabûna nasname û edetgeriyeke nû: Nimûneya Festîvala Elewî li Ilgiltereyê

Berê di nav elewiyan de festîvalên edetî/nerîtî gelek berbelav û cîgirtî nebûn lê di nav pêncî salên dawî de ev yek di encama koçberî, bajarîbûn û jinûve sazkirina nasnameyê de hatiye guhertin. Li ser nimûneya Nehemîn Festîvala Elewî li Ilgiltereyê, ev lêkolîn li avakirin û karkirina nasnameya elewî bi rêya çalakiyeke cemawerî ya wisa li diasporayê dinêre. Lêkolîn xwe dispêre daneyên ji çavdêriyan û yên li festîvala 2019an hatî berhevkirin. Festîval rehên dîrokî yên cemaetê dide nî$an bi rêya pê$xistina têgihi$tineke welatî li diasporayê ku beramberî edet, nirx û daxwazên welatî ne. Herwiha îmkanê dide elewiyan ku li welatê xwe yê nû bibin xwediyê bingehekê, venasînekê û berçaviyeke gi$tî li rex wê yekê ku torên têkiliyên deverî çalak dike, girêdanên siyasî saxlem dike û pabendiyên di nava cemaetê de cîgirtî dike. Mirov dikare vê yekê wek îcadkirina an dahênana nerîtê li welatê nû yê diasporayê bibîne.

Abstract in Sorani

Nîştmanî dayespora, hellkişanî nasname û tradîsyonî nwê: keysî vîstîvallî 'Elewîy ‏Berîtanî

Lerûy mêjûyyewe, lenaw 'elewîyekanda vîstîvallî tradîsyon leser astêkî frawanda bllaw nebotewe û rîşey ‏danekutawe bellam ewe le dwa penca sallda behoy koçberî û şarinşînî û bunyadnanewey nasname, gorranî ‏beserdahatuwe. Be wergirtnî noyem vîstîvallî 'elewîy berîtanî wek nmûne, em twêjîneweye sernic dedate ‏bunyadnan û karkirdî şunasî 'elewî le dayespora le rêgey rudawêkî giştî awa û be şêweyekî serekî ‏bekarhênanî datay kokrawe leser sernicî çawdêran le vîstîvallî 2019 da. Fîsîvalleke le rêgay arastekirdnî ‏çemkî nîştman le dayispora ke rengdanewey nerît, behakan û xwastî nîştîmane wek rengdanewey rîşe mêjûyye ‏cvakîyekan kardekat. Herweha hoyekîş bo 'elewîyekan desteber dekat ta cê pêyek, danpêdanan û derkewtinîyan le ‏fezay giştî nîştmane tazekeyan bedest bênin û leheman katîşda mobalîzey torrî peywendîyekan û ptewkirdnî ‏bondekan lenaw cvakda deken. Ewe dekrêt wek dahênanêkî tradîsyon lenaw nîştmanî tazey dayesporada bbînrêt.

Abstract in Zazaki

Welatê dîyaspora, averşîyayîşê nasnameyî û tradîsyonalîzmo newe: Nimûneyê Festîvala Elewîyanê Brîtanya

Tarîxê urf û adetanê elewîyan de festîvalî vilabîyaye û kokxorînî nêbîyê, la nê pancas serranê peyênan de semedê koçkerdiş, şaristanijbîyayîş û neweraawankerdişê nasnameyî ra no vurîyayo. Pê nimûneyê Festîvala 9. ya Elewîyanê Brîtanya, no cigêrayîş bi rayîrê inasar fealîyetêkê rakerdeyî qayîtê awanî û fonksîyonanê nasnameyê elewîyanê dîyaspora keno û seba ney zafane dayeyanê observasyonê beşdaranê festîvala 2019î xebitneno. Fonskîyonê festîvale no yo ke ristimanê komelî yê tarîxîyan wina nîşan bido ke dîyaspora de fikrê welatî yo ke rîayetê urf û adet, qîymet û hêvîyanê welatî yê hîsbîyayeyan keno, pêşkêş bibo. Ney ra zî wet, festîvale seba elewîyan îmkan o ke hem welatê xo yo newe de bibê wayîrê statuyêk, xo bidê naskerdene û rayapêroyî de biasê, hem kî eynî dem de torranê têkilîyanê cayîyan mobîlîze bikerê, îrtîbatanê sîyasîyan xurt bikerê û komelî mîyan de bêrê werê. Merdim eşkeno welatê dîyaspora yo newe de festîvale sey viraştişê tradîsyonî bivîno.

Author Biography

Cemal Salman, University of Istanbul

Faculty of Political Sciences/Department of Political Science and Public Administration

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Published

2020-05-24

How to Cite

Salman, C. (2020). Diasporic Homeland, Rise of Identity and New Traditionalism: The Case of the British Alevi Festival. Kurdish Studies, 8(1), 113-132. https://doi.org/10.33182/ks.v8i1.547