“Aspirational Capital” and Transformations in First-generation Alevi-Kurdish Parents’ Involvement with Their Children’s Education in the UK

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33182/ks.v8i1.545

Keywords:

Alevi Kurds, first-generation parents, parental involvement, transnational migration, cultural capital

Abstract

With a focus on the London Alevi-Kurdish community from Turkey, the aim of this article is to analyse changes in parenting and home-school relations of two cohorts of first-generation parents arriving in the nineties (Nineties parents) and the noughties (Millennial parents). Against a backdrop of national data showing that “Turkish” children persistently underachieve in schools across Europe, this exploration of differences within the first generation challenges deficit models of home-school relations. Through adding “differences within a generation” to intersectional analyses of home-school relations, it facilitates the exploration of parents’ migration context, ethnicity, religion and community. Additionally, the article addresses migrant parents’ access to different forms of capital in navigating the education system. This includes the contributions of children, the community associations and local schools which have made a difference to Nineties and Millennial parents’ relationships with schools. Finally, the analysis demonstrates how community activism can have much more powerful effects than parents acting alone.

Abstract in Kurmanji

“Sermiyanê armanckirî” û guherînên li ba dêbavên elewî-kurd yên ji nifşê yekem li ser perwerdeya zarokên wan li Ingiltereyê 

Ev gotar li ser cemaeta kurdên elewî yên Londrayê hûr dibe û guherînên di kiryarên zarok mezinkirinê û têkiliyên mal-dibistanê de tehlîl dike li nav du komên dêbavên ji nifşê yekem, yên li salên nodan û li dor du hezaran (mîlenyal) hatî. Li ser paşxaneya daneyên neteweyî, ku nîşan didin ku zarokên "tirk" li seranserê Ewropayê kêm serkeftî ne li dibistanê, ev tehlîl û pêdeçûna cudatiyên di nava nifşê yekem li dijî "modêlên kêmasiyê" yên têkiliya mal û dibistanê radibe. Bi rêya zêdekirina "cudatiyên di nava nifşekî de" li tehlîla têkiliyên mal û dibistanê yên li ser bingehê navber-beşî (intersectional), ev lêkolîn rê vedike bo destnîşankirina rola fakterên wek şert û çarçoveya koçberiya dêbavan, qewmiyet, dîn û cemaeta wan. Zêdebarî vê, gotar berê xwe dide îmkanên dêbavan di warê sermiyanên cihêreng de gava di nav sîstema perwerdeyê de. Di nav vê yekê de karîgeriya zarokan, komeleyên cemawerî û dibistanên mehelî hene ku cudatiyeke mezin durist kirine di têkiliya dêbavên ji salên nodan û du hezaran ya ligel dibistanê de. Dawiyê, ev xebat nîşan dide ka çawa çalakvaniya cemawerî dikare tesîreke gelek mezintir bike ji hewldanên bi tenê yên dêbavan.

Abstract in Sorani

"Sermayey temah" we werçexan le beşdarbûnî newey yekemî bawanî 'Elewye-‏Kurdekan le xwêndinî mindallekanîyan le Şanşîne Yekgirtuwekanda

Be terkîz kirdne ser rwewendî 'Elewîye-Kurdekanî Turkya le Lenden, amancî em wtare ‏şîkarîkirdnî allugorre le bawanêtî û peywendyekanî mall-xwêndinge lenaw dû taqmî bawan lew ‏newey-yekemaney ke le deyey newetekan (bawanî newetekan) we le deyey sifrîda (bawanî hezare) ‏geyîştûn. Lehember paşxanî datayekî nîştîmanî ke kem twanayî berdewamî zarokî "turkî" ‏le xwêndingekanî sertaserî ewrupa derdexa, em gerrane be naw cyawazyekanî na newey ‏yekemda teheday modêlî kurtihênan dekat le peywendîyekanî mall-xwêndinge. Be‎ zyadkirdnî ‏‏"cyawazîyekan lenaw neweyekda" bo şîkarîyekanî peywest be têkhellkîşbûnî peywendî mall-‏qutabxane, em babete asankarî bo dozînewey çwarçêweyk bo koçberêtî, etnîkî, aynî û ‏çvakî bawanekan dekat. Herweha, babeteke basî dest pêrrageyîştinî bawanî koçberekan be ‏şêwe cyawazekanî sermaye dekat bo rêdozî kirdin le sîstemî perwerdeda. Emeş beşdarî ‏mindallan, komelle cvakîyekan û qutabxane nawçeyyekan degrêtewe ke cyawazîyekyan bo bawanî ‏deyey newetekan û dûhezarekan drustkird. Lekotayîda, ravekan ewe pîşandeden ke çon ‏çalakî cvakî detwanêt rollî zor behêztirî le çalakî tenyay bawanekan hebêt.

Abstract in Zazaki

“Kapîtalo waştox” û Qiralîya Yewbîyayîye de vurîyayîşê têkilîyanê perwerdeyê domananê may û pîyanê kurdanê elewîyan ê neslê verênî

Bi giranî para komelê kurdanê elewîyan ê Londra rê, hedefê na meqale yo ke vurîyayîşê mayûpîyîye û têkilîyanê keye û mektebî yê di cematanê may û pîyanê neslanê verênan ke serranê 90an de (may û pîyê 90an) û serranê 2000an de (may û pîyê 2000an) ameyê, înan analîz bikero. Bi zidîya dayeyanê dewlete ke musnenê ke domanê “tirkan” mektebanê Ewropa de hende ke înan ra pawîyeno serkewte nîyê, no kifşê cîyayîyanê mabênê neslê verênî modelanê kêmasîyan ê têkilîyanê keye û mektebî rê îtîrazêk o. Îlawekerdişê “cîyayîyanê mîyanê yew neslî” bi analîzanê têkilîyanê keye û mektebî yê pêresayeyan, cigêrayîşê kontekstê koçkerdişê may û pîyan, etnîsîte, dîn û komelê înan keno asan. Tepîya, na meqale de sîstemê perwerdeyî mîyan de îmkananê may û pîyanê koçberan ra behs beno ke ê xo senî resnenê formanê kapîtalî yê cîya-cîyayan. Ancîna, tede serzêdeyê domanî, dezgehê komelî û mektebanê cayîyan estê ke pêrune têkilîyanê mabênê may û pîyanê 90an û 2000an û mekteban de ferqêk viraşto. Peynîye de, no analîz musneno ke bandura aktîvîzmê komelî bi senî hewa goreyê kerdişanê may û pîyan ê ferdîyan ra bena hêzdarêre.

Author Biography

Celia Jenkins, University of Westminster

Principal Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Westminster

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Published

2020-05-24

How to Cite

Jenkins, C. (2020). “Aspirational Capital” and Transformations in First-generation Alevi-Kurdish Parents’ Involvement with Their Children’s Education in the UK. Kurdish Studies, 8(1), 163-184. https://doi.org/10.33182/ks.v8i1.545